مسيرة الكاتب البريطانى #توم_ شارب Tom Sharpe..مواليد عام 1928م -2013م.. وهو كاتب سيناريو، وروائي، ومدرس، ومصور من المملكة المتحدة.

ربما تحتوي الصورة على: ‏‏شخص واحد‏، ‏‏يبتسم‏، ‏‏بدلة‏‏‏‏

توم شارب (روائي)

توم شارب
(بالإنجليزيةTom Sharpe)‏  تعديل قيمة خاصية (P1559) في ويكي بيانات
معلومات شخصية
الميلاد 30 مارس 1928 تعديل قيمة خاصية (P569) في ويكي بيانات
هولوواي  تعديل قيمة خاصية (P19) في ويكي بيانات
الوفاة 6 يونيو 2013 (85 سنة)  تعديل قيمة خاصية (P570) في ويكي بيانات
الإقامة جنوب أفريقيا (1951–1961)
لندن  تعديل قيمة خاصية (P551) في ويكي بيانات
مواطنة Flag of the United Kingdom.svg المملكة المتحدة  تعديل قيمة خاصية (P27) في ويكي بيانات
الحياة العملية
المدرسة الأم كلية لانسنغ
كلية بمبروك  تعديل قيمة خاصية (P69) في ويكي بيانات
المهنة كاتب،  وكاتب سيناريو،  وروائي،  ومدرس،  ومصور،  وممثل كوميدي  تعديل قيمة خاصية (P106) في ويكي بيانات
اللغات الإنجليزية[8]  تعديل قيمة خاصية (P1412) في ويكي بيانات
المواقع
IMDB صفحته على IMDB  تعديل قيمة خاصية (P345) في ويكي بيانات

توم شارب (بالإنجليزيةTom Sharpe)‏‏ (30 مارس 1928 في هولوواي – 6 يونيو 2013 ) كاتب، وكاتب سيناريو، وروائي، ومدرس، ومصور من المملكة المتحدة.

رحيل الكاتب البريطاني توم شارب

فقدت الأوساط الثقافية البريطانية واحداً من أكبر كتابها توم شارب عن عمر ناهز 85 عاماً، والذي كان يكره التمييز العنصري والفساد والظلم وعدم التسامح.‏

ولد توم شارب عام 1928، وكان والداه من المتشددين الذين لم يسمحوا له بقراءة الكتب وخاصة تلك المتعلقة بالرسوم المتحركة، ومنذ فترة شبابه كان يكتب الشعر والمسرحيات، وحلمه بأن يصبح كاتباً جعله يبحث عن الهروب من أسرته.‏
درس شارب التاريخ والعلوم التى كانت تبحث عن أصل الجنس البشرى وتطوره وأعرافه ومعتقداته في جامعة كابردج البريطانية وفي عام 1951 ترك بريطانيا ليستقر في جنوب أفريقيا حيث مارس العديد من المهن، إلا أنه طرد بعد تقديمه مسرحية مضادة للتفرقة العنصرية في لندن. وبعد عودته مرة أخرى إلى لندن ألف 15 رواية منها واحدة بعنوان «مغامرات فيلت» واضطرته ظروف المعيشة للعمل كمدرس تاريخ، وقد أصيب بأزمة قلبية حادة؛ ما جعله ينسحب من الساحة الثقافية ولم يجد وسيلة علاجية أفضل من قراءة أعماله.‏

رحيل الكاتب البريطاني توم شارب

الكاتب البريطانى توم شارب في ذكرى رحيله

ولد توم شارب عام 1928، وكان والداه من المتشددين الذين لم يسمحوا له بقراءة الكتب وخاصة تلك المتعلقة بالرسوم المتحركة، ومنذ فترة شبابه كان يكتب الشعر والمسرحيات، وحلمه بأن يصبح كاتباً جعله يبحث عن الهروب من أسرته.‏
درس شارب التاريخ والعلوم التى كانت تبحث عن أصل الجنس البشرى وتطوره وأعرافه ومعتقداته في جامعة كابردج البريطانية وفي عام 1951 ترك بريطانيا ليستقر في جنوب أفريقيا حيث مارس العديد من المهن، إلا أنه طرد بعد تقديمه مسرحية مضادة للتفرقة العنصرية في لندن. وبعد عودته مرة أخرى إلى لندن ألف 15 رواية منها واحدة بعنوان “مغامرات فيلت” واضطرته ظروف المعيشة للعمل كمدرس تاريخ، وقد أصيب بأزمة قلبية حادة؛ ما جعله ينسحب من الساحة الثقافية ولم يجد وسيلة علاجية أفضل من قراءة أعماله.‏
توفي في 6 حزيران 2012

إعداد : محمد عزوز

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Tom Sharpe

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Tom Sharpe
Born Thomas Ridley Sharpe
30 March 1928
Holloway, London
Died 6 June 2013 (aged 85)
LlafrancCatalonia, Spain
Occupation Novelist
Language English
Alma mater Pembroke College, Cambridge
Notable works Wilt series, Porterhouse BlueBlott on the Landscape

Thomas Ridley Sharpe (30 March 1928 – 6 June 2013)[1] was an English satirical novelist, best known for his Wilt series, as well as Porterhouse Blue and Blott on the Landscape, which were both adapted for television.

Pembroke College, Cambridge University

Sharpe was born in Holloway, London, and brought up in Croydon.[2] Sharpe’s father, the Reverend George Coverdale Sharpe, was a Unitarian minister who was active in far-right politics in the 1930s.[3] He was chairman of the Acton and Ealing branch of The Link, and a member of the Nordic League. He declared that he hated Jews “in the sense that he hated all corruption”.[4] Sharpe initially shared some of his father’s views, but was horrified on seeing films of the liberation of the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp.[5][6]

University of Cambridge

Sharpe was educated at Bloxham School, on which he based Groxbourne in Vintage Stuff, followed by Lancing College. He then did National Service in the Royal Marines before being accepted to Pembroke College, Cambridge, where he read history and social anthropology.[3]

King’s College Chapel, University of Cambridge

South Africa

Sharpe moved to South Africa in 1951,[7] where he worked as a social worker and a teacher,[7][8] before being deported for sedition in 1961.[7][9] He was friendly with the activist and artist Harold Strachan until they fell out over a woman.[10] Sharpe’s time in South Africa inspired his novels Riotous Assembly and Indecent Exposure,[7] in which he mocked the apartheid regime. He also wrote a play, The South African, which was critical of the regime. After it was performed in London, Sharpe was arrested and deported from South Africa.[11]

Teaching and later life

After returning to England, Sharpe took a position as a history lecturer at the Cambridge College of Arts and Technology, later Anglia Ruskin University.[7] This experience inspired his Wilt series[7] in which he derides popular English culture. From 1995 onward he and his American wife Nancy divided their time between Cambridge and their home in Llafranc, Spain,[6] where he wrote Wilt in Nowhere.[12] The couple had three daughters.[11] Despite living in Catalonia, he did not learn either Spanish or Catalan. “I don’t want to learn the language,” he said, “I don’t want to hear what the price of meat is.”[12]

Death

Sharpe died on 6 June 2013 in Llafranc from complications of diabetes at the age of 85.[13] He was reported to have been working on an autobiography.[11] He had also been reported to have suffered a stroke a few weeks before his death.[14] Paying tribute, the author Robert McCrum wrote “The Tom Sharpe I knew was generous, acerbic, engaging, and full of wicked fun.”[15] Susan Sandon, Sharpe’s editor at Random House, remarked that he was “witty, often outrageous, always acutely funny about the absurdities of life”.[16] His ashes were interred in the graveyard at the remote church in Thockrington, Northumberland, where his father had been a preacher.[17]

Adaptations

Blott on the Landscape was adapted by BBC TV in 1985 and broadcast in six episodes of 50 minutes each. It was scripted by Malcolm Bradbury and starred George Cole as Sir Giles Lynchwood, Geraldine James as Lady Maud and David Suchet as Blott.[18]

In 1987 Porterhouse Blue was adapted for television, again by Bradbury, in four episodes for Channel 4. It starred David Jason as Skullion and Ian Richardson as Sir Godber Evans.[19]

In 1989 Wilt was made into a film by LWT, featuring Griff Rhys Jones as Henry Wilt, Mel Smith as Inspector Flint and Alison Steadman as Eva Wilt.[20][21]

Critical response

Michael Dirda said in an interview: “Tom Sharpe is very funny — but exceptionally vulgar, crude and offensive. Many view him as Britain’s funniest living novelist. Most people feel that his first two novels, set in a fictionalized South Africa, are his best: Riotous Assembly and Indecent Exposure.”[22] Leonard R. N. Ashley wrote in the Encyclopedia of British Humorists that “Sharpe’s humorous techniques naturally derive from his fundamental approach, which is that of the furious farceur who compounds anger and amusement.”[23] and “His dialogue is deft and more restrained than his characterization, which sometimes is mere caricature …”[23] Ashley also quotes reviews and comments by many critics, and cites 21 published reviews or critical comments on Sharpe’s work, with brief summaries or quotations from each.[24]

Influence

Martin Levin, in a review of Porterhouse Blue, wrote that “Sharpe is one of England’s funniest writers. He’s in the tradition of the 19th-century satirist Thomas Love Peacock, who wrote novels of ideas laced with physical, slapstick farce.”[25] Adrian Mourby wrote that “Tom Sharpe’s Porterhouse Blue and Vintage Stuff are books that hark back to a golden age of academic dottiness, of the kind that has all but disappeared since the 1940s when Sharpe himself was a student.”[26] Caroline Moorehead writes (in a review of Faculty Towers: The Academic Novel and its Discontents): “When I was a fellow of Peterhouse, back in the Eighties, I was asked with tedious regularity whether the experience resembled Porterhouse Blue, Tom Sharpe’s grotesquely overblown satire. But even as I (truthfully) denied it, a few vignettes would slide past my mind’s eye — such as my very first Governing Body meeting, when, sombrely robed, the fellows debated, hotly and with manifest ill will, whether the vomit by the chapel was beer- or claret-based.”[27]

Legacy

The Los Angeles Times wrote of The Great Pursuit: “No one, from author to critic, goes unscathed in this satire on the publishing business on both sides of the Atlantic. Agent Frensic comes across a deliciously filthy, but anonymous, manuscript that promises bestsellerdom. Frensic supplies a fake author and they are off down the primrose path. Much of this book is funny and devastatingly accurate until the plot disperses …”[28] More critically, Tom Payne wrote of Wilt in Nowhere: “Even half an hour after reading Tom Sharpe’s 14th novel, it’s difficult to remember what happened in it. … Wilt is a victim of our times, and Sharpe doesn’t seem to like them much. … Sharpe might be happier in another age – the 18th century, perhaps – but even then he’d find plenty to rail against. It’s tempting to see him as a contemporary Smollett: his plots are guided by whatever vices he feels like including, or whatever images are in his head. … Wilt in Nowhere isn’t Sharpe’s finest work. His best tales put the reader firmly in a world: we can cherish the memories of the atavistic dons in Porterhouse Blue, or rail at the South African police in Indecent Exposure (1973). The present novel is simply a hapless tour of bits of England and Florida, in which colourful things happen and puzzle the police.”[29]

Sharpe sent up the class-conscious English writer Dornford Yates in Indecent Exposure. He worked on an adaptation of Yates’ thriller She Fell Among Thieves for the BBC in 1977, which contained similar elements of parody.

Bibliography

Piemburg, South Africa series

Porterhouse Blue series

Wilt series

Other novels

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