مسيرة الفنان المبدع #مايكل_ تشابمان Michael Chapman cinematographer ..مواليد نيويورك عام – 1935 م – 2020م.. مصور سينمائي، ومخرج أفلام، وممثل أفلام أمريكي..

مايكل تشابمان (مصور سينمائي)
من ويكيبيديا
مايكل تشابمان
(بالإنجليزية: Michael Chapman)‏
معلومات شخصية
الميلاد 21 نوفمبر 1935 تعديل قيمة خاصية (P569) في ويكي بيانات
نيويورك تعديل قيمة خاصية (P19) في ويكي بيانات
الوفاة 20 سبتمبر 2020 (84 سنة)
لوس أنجلوس تعديل قيمة خاصية (P20) في ويكي بيانات
مواطنة Flag of the United States.svg الولايات المتحدة تعديل قيمة خاصية (P27) في ويكي بيانات
الزوجة إيمي هولدن جونز تعديل قيمة خاصية (P26) في ويكي بيانات
أبناء أندرو تشابمان تعديل قيمة خاصية (P40) في ويكي بيانات
الحياة العملية
المهنة مصور سينمائي، ومخرج أفلام، وممثل أفلام تعديل قيمة خاصية (P106) في ويكي
المواقع
IMDB صفحته على IMDB تعديل قيمة خاصية (P345) في ويكي بيانات

مايكل تشابمان (بالإنجليزية: Michael Chapman)‏ ، من مواليد 21 نوفمبر 1935، هو مصور سينمائي أمريكي، شارك بأعماله لأهم الأفلام السينمائية، ومنها فيلم ذا لاست ديتال عام 1973، وفيلم الرجل التالي عام 1976م.

Michael Chapman (cinematographer)

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Michael Chapman
BornMichael Crawford Chapman
November 21, 1935
New York City, New York, U.S.
DiedSeptember 20, 2020 (aged 84)
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
OccupationCinematographerfilm director
Years active1968–2007
Spouse(s)Amy Holden Jones

The Portrait of Michael Chapman 2020 – Chalk on paper 36″ x 22″

Michael Crawford ChapmanA.S.C. (November 21, 1935 – September 20, 2020) was an American cinematographer and film director well known for his work on many films of the American New Wave of the 1970s and in the 1980s with prominent directors such as Martin Scorsese and Ivan Reitman. He shot more than forty feature films and of those movies on over half he worked with only three different directors.

Early life and education[edit]

Chapman was born in New York City in 1935, but raised in Wellesley, Massachusetts, a suburb of Boston, without much of an interest in film. As a youth, he was more interested in sports than photography or painting. After high school, he attended Columbia University, where he majored in English. Upon his graduation, he worked temporarily as a brakeman for the Erie Lackawanna Railroad in the Midwest and then served a brief stint in the United States Army.

Chapman’s father-in-law, Joe Brun, got him his first job in the industry: working as an assistant camera and focus puller on commercials, as there weren’t enough feature films being shot in New York at the time.

Career[edit]

Chapman began his film career as a camera operator, distinguishing himself on Steven Spielberg‘s Jaws. before making the leap to cinematographer. He fondly remembered his time as an operator, and called it one of the best jobs in the movie business because “you get to see the film before anyone else does!”

As a cinematographer, he became famous for his two collaborations with Martin ScorseseTaxi Driver and Raging Bull. Chapman was also cinematographer for the 1978 hit remake of Invasion of the Body Snatchers. He and Scorsese were huge fans of The Band, and Chapman served as the principal cinematographer for their documentary on The Band, called The Last Waltz. With nine cameras shooting at once, Chapman noted that “the strategy for filming all of their songs was planned out in enormous detail.”

Chapman’s style tended to feature high contrasts and an aggressive use of strong colors. He was also adept at setting up complex camera movements quickly and improvising on the set. This style was epitomized in the boxing sequences in Raging Bull, during which the camera was often strapped to an actor through improvised rigs. His bold use of black-and-white cinematography on Raging Bull proved particularly difficult and earned Chapman his first Academy Award nomination. As with his work on Jaws, Chapman used a handheld camera to shoot much of the film.

Besides his work with Scorsese, Chapman had worked as Director of Photography for noted directors Hal AshbyPhilip KaufmanMartin RittRobert TowneMichael Caton-JonesAndrew Davis, and Ivan Reitman. He occasionally made small cameos in films that he shot; he had also directed several films of his own, the best known being All the Right Moves, starring Tom Cruise in one of his breakout roles.

In 1987, Chapman collaborated again with Scorsese on the 18-minute short film that served as the music video for Michael Jackson’s Bad.

Chapman also shot a string of comedies in the late 1980s and early 1990s, such as Ghostbusters II and Kindergarten Cop, and admitted that he didn’t need to alter his style very much. But he has said, “On comedies, I use a little more fill light; you tend to create a lit atmosphere where the performers can be at home, where they can move around…without having to hit a precise mark.”

His final film was Bridge to Terabithia. According to the DVD commentary, Chapman was planning to retire after the film was finished, saying he would like to have the last film he shot be a good one; He has since officially retired.

Personal life[edit]

Chapman was married to screenwriter Amy Holden Jones. His father-in-law, Joe Brun, was an Oscar-nominated cinematographer who had emigrated from France in the early 20th century.

He has stated that he no longer watched films directed by frequent collaborators Martin Scorsese or Steven Spielberg, as he knew their general style will not change much. “Unless a director makes some huge sea change in what he does, that the work, the mechanical work, is going to be vaguely the same — or of the same school, anyway — but what changes is the intelligence and passion behind it in the script.” He also admitted his preferred method was to watch movies at his home and that he rarely, if ever, went to a theater anymore.

Death[edit]

Chapman died from congestive heart failure on September 20, 2020, at his home in Los Angeles.[1]

Awards and nominations[edit]

Chapman was nominated twice for the Academy Award for Best Cinematography: for Raging Bull and The Fugitive. He was the winner of the National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Cinematography in 1981 for his work on Raging Bull. He received the 2003 American Society of Cinematographers Lifetime Achievement Award. Chapman received the Lifetime Achievement Award at the 24th International Film Festival of the Art of Cinematography Camerimage in 2016.

Filmography[edit]

YearTitleDirectorNotes
1973The Last DetailHal Ashby
1974The White DawnPhilip Kaufman
1975Death Be Not ProudDonald WryeTelevision film
Nominated- Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Cinematography for a Limited Series or Movie
1976The Next ManRichard C. Sarafian
The FrontMartin Ritt
Taxi DriverMartin Scorsese
1978The Last WaltzConcert film
King: The Martin Luther King StoryAbby MannTelevision miniseries;
3 episodes
Invasion of the Body SnatchersPhilip Kaufman
FingersJames Toback
1979The WanderersPhilip Kaufman
HardcorePaul Schrader
1980Raging BullMartin ScorseseNominated- Academy Award for Best Cinematography
1982Personal BestRobert Towne
Dead Men Don’t Wear PlaidCarl Reiner
1983The Man with Two Brains
1987The Lost BoysJoel Schumacher
Michael Jackson: BadMartin ScorseseMusic video
1988Shoot to KillRoger Spottiswoode
ScroogedRichard Donner
GothamLloyd FonvielleTelevision film
Nominated- CableACE Award Direction of Photography or a Dramatic or Theatrical Special
1989Ghostbusters IIIvan Reitman
1990Quick ChangeHoward Franklin
Bill Murray
Kindergarten CopIvan Reitman
1991Doc HollywoodMichael Caton-Jones
1992Whispers in the DarkChristopher Crowe
1993The FugitiveAndrew DavisNominated- Academy Award for Best Cinematography
Nominated- ASC Award for Outstanding Achievement in Cinematography in Theatrical Releases
Rising SunPhilip Kaufman
1996Space JamJoe Pytka
Primal FearGregory Hoblit
1998Six Days, Seven NightsIvan Reitman
1999The Story of UsRob Reiner
2000The WatcherJoe Charbanic
2001EvolutionIvan Reitman
2004Suspect ZeroE. Elias Merhige
House of DDavid Duchovny
EulogyMichael Clancy
2006HootWil Shriner
2007Bridge to TerabithiaGábor Csupó

As Director[edit]

YearTitleDoP.Notes
1983All the Right MovesJan de Bont
1986The Clan of the Cave Bear
AnnihilatorPaul GoldsmithTelevision film
1995The Viking SagasDean Lent

Other Works[edit]

YearTitleDirectorDoP.Notes
1965Who Killed Teddy BearJoseph CatesJoseph C. BrunAssistant camera
1966The Fat Spy
1968The Thanksgiving VisitorFrank Perry
1970End of the RoadAram AvakianGordon WillisCamera operator
LovingIrvin Kershner
The LandlordHal Ashby
The People Next DoorDavid Greene
HusbandsJohn CassavetesVictor J. Kemper
1971Little MurdersAlan ArkinGordon Willis
KluteAlan J. Pakula
1972The GodfatherFrancis Ford Coppola
Bad CompanyRobert Benton
1975JawsSteven SpielbergBill Butler
1982The Slumber Party MassacreAmy Holden JonesStephen L. PoseyUncredited;
Director of photography: Prologue
1998HomegrownStephen GyllenhaalGreg GardinerAdditional photography

References[edit]

  1. ^ Barnes, Michael. “Michael Chapman, Cinematographer on ‘Taxi Driver’ and ‘Raging Bull,’ Dies at 84”The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved September 21, 2020.

Bibliography[edit]

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